kid travel

Nine-year-old girl at center of Southwest mix-up

Southwest Airlines is apologizing to a Clarksville, Tenn., family and investigating how a 9-year-old girl flying as an unaccompanied minor from Nashville to New York on Tuesday ended up re-routed and delayed for five hours without the airline notifying the family.

Chloe Boyce is fine and will be getting a special patch from her junior Girl Scout troop to mark her adventure, but her mom, Elena Kerr, is upset.

“The flight arrived and my daughter didn’t get off,” Kerr told me. “Someone went on the plane to see if she was there and my sister called me and said, ‘Where’s Chloe?’ The Southwest guys told her there were no unaccompanied minors on that flight.”

Kerr had put Chloe on a flight in Nashville headed for New York’s LaGuardia Airport with scheduled stops in Columbus and Baltimore.

Southwest’s policy only allows unaccompanied children to be booked on itineraries that don’t include plane changes. Chloe’s flight, however, made an extra stop in Cleveland due to weather, and upon arriving in Baltimore she was rebooked on another flight to New York.

Unfortunately, no one from the airline called Kerr to inform her of the delay. The airline also did not contact Chloe’s aunt, who was waiting at the gate in New York.

Kerr said she started frantically calling Southwest and that it took more than an hour for the airline to locate Chloe and even longer to explain what happened.

“At BWI, the flight attendant took her off the plane, walked her to Hudson News to get her a drink and some snacks and the pilot bought her dinner,” Kerr told me. “But while she was there no could tell us where she was.”

Kerr said her family is a military family that has spent time living in Alaska and that she understands delays. “We just don’t understand why we weren’t called, especially because the Southwest policy states that someone must be available to answer phone calls during the flight time in the event of a flight irregularity.”

Southwest Airlines has apologized to Kerr and refunded the cost of Chloe’s ticket.

“Our unaccompanied minor policy aims to minimize these kinds of situations … by only ticketing them on itineraries that don’t require an aircraft change,” said Southwest spokesperson Brad Hawkins via email.
“In this case, the unscheduled change of planes resulted in the connection, a delay and distress for the family which we certainly regret and have apologized for in our conversation with the family of our customer.”

Kerr is not convinced she should let Chloe fly alone again.

“We don’t trust Southwest,” said Kerr. ” I’m going to be driving the 17 hours to New York to get her.”

(A slightly different version of this story first appeared on

Flying with baby? How to find and use the right baby seat

A California family booted from a United Airlines flight last week in a dispute over an infant carrier raises the question: How do parents choose the correct airline seat for their baby?

“Parents may be looking for a sticker that says ‘FAA approved,’ but the label on an approved restraint will only say, ‘This restraint is certified for use in motor vehicles and aircraft.’ So it’s easy for parents to get confused,” said family travel expert Anya Clowers of

The Federal Aviation Administration allows children ages two and under to fly unrestrained on an airplane if seated on an adult’s lap. But the agency agrees with the National Transportation Safety Board, the American Academy of Pediatrics and other groups that children are safer when restrained in their own seats.

Melissa Bradley said she purchased a separate seat for her 1-year-old daughter and boarded a United flight on Jan. 26 with an FAA-approved infant carrier. But Bradley discovered that her child’s assigned seat was too narrow to accommodate the carrier. She mentioned the problem to a flight attendant, but ultimately was removed from the plane for being disruptive and rebooked on a later flight.

FAA regulations state that if an approved child-restraint system (CRS) doesn’t fit in an airplane seat, the airline must “accommodate the CRS in another seat in the same class of service.”

“There’s not a lot of ambiguity in that statement,” said NTSB Chairman Deborah Hermann.

Choosing the right seat
But buying the right seat can be tricky. Some child-restraint systems are approved for use in motor vehicles but not for airplanes. The current harness-style Child Aviation Restraint System (CARES) is approved for use on airplanes but not in cars.

To add to the confusion, the FAA doesn’t publish a list of approved makes and models of child-restraint systems. For that, parents must search family travel and company websites that may or may not be inclusive or up-to-date. Then they must make sure the child-restraint system they choose has that FAA certification label. lists and reviews some FAA-approved child seats, but Clowers said she is unaware of any site that has an all-inclusive list.

Once parents have chosen an FAA-approved child-restraint system, they must then learn how to use that seat and seek an airplane seat assignment that matches their needs.

In December, the FAA posted an instructional video on its website showing how to properly install a child-restraint system on a plane. When it comes to getting a seat assignment, though, guidelines and reservation systems can cause confusion. For example, a child-restraint system should be put in a window seat, so that it doesn’t block the emergency exit path for other passengers. Approved child carriers cannot be used in, or in front of, exit row seats. And although bulkhead seats and premium seats offer extra inches, those seats are not always available and sometimes require extra fees.

The type of aircraft also can affect fit, said FAA spokesperson Alison Duquette. “Not all child safety seats fit, but the seats that are approved should fit.”

But Sarah Tilton, child passenger safety advocate at car seat manufacturer Britax, warns that “compatibility issues between car seats (rear or forward facing) and aircraft seats could increase as we see airlines decreasing the leg room to accommodate more passengers in the cabin. This decreasing of leg room will limit the space to install a car seat rear-facing.”

Stay calm
As Bradley and some other parents have discovered, even when parents call ahead to alert an airline that a ticketed passenger will be using a child-restraint system, sometimes seats are too small to allow proper installation.

“Airlines are required to accommodate the CRS in the same class of service,” said Clowers. “Do not give in and check the seat. Risking a child’s safety is not the answer. Speak with a supervisor and remain calm.”

“Remaining calm can be the tough part,” said Dr. Marilyn J. Bull, co-medical director of a program that studies child seat safety at Riley Hospital for Children in Indianapolis, Ind. “It’s hard enough to fly with young children and then add hassles with seats on top of that. Many times parents don’t know the things they should ask or do.”

Airline gate agents and crew members sometimes don’t seem to know what to do either.

Some parents have been told incorrectly that they must check an FAA-approved carrier and travel with their child on their lap. And Bull recently sat a row ahead of a mother who had dutifully strapped her two children into non-FAA-approved booster seats in preparation for a flight. “The flight attendant kept telling the mother that she had to take her children out of those booster seats, but couldn’t explain to the mother why.”

“Perhaps the bigger issue here is that the airlines don’t appear to know the FAA regulations, and the flight attendants don’t appear to be concerned with getting to know them,” said Kate Hanni, founder of “Our babies deserve better.”

But Sara Keagle, a flight attendant who writes the Flying Pinto blog, takes issue with the implication that flight attendants don’t know FAA regulations. “I have never been on a flight where we had to have a car seat removed,” she said. “I believe flight attendants are up to speed on the rules.”

Still, NTSB chairman Hermann said she’d like to see better information conveyed to flight crews about what to do when an FAA-approved child restraint seat doesn’t fit in its assigned airline seat.

“This is an issue that parents should not have to argue with flight attendants about when they’re taking their baby on a trip,” she said. “Parents should not be penalized for doing the right thing.”

Resources for flying with babies

  • Watch the FAA’s video on how to properly install a child-restraint system in an airplane seat.

  • To report problems regarding the use of an FAA-approved child-restraint system on a flight to your airline’s customer service department, the Aviation Consumer Protection Division at the U.S. Department of Transportation at (202) 366-2220 and to the FAA hotline at 866-TELL-FAA.

Traveling with baby? Get the right airplane seat originally appeared on

Santa’s helpers at Spokane Int’l Airport? The TSA.

This weekend I was an embedded elf for the Spokane Fantasy Flight to the North Pole.

North Pole

The event, now in its 12th or 13th year, scoops up 60 disadvantaged children from the Spokane, WA area and brings them to the airport for a very real flight to a very realistic-looking “North Pole.” There, they find reindeer, an all-you-can-eat buffet of candy, gifts galore, oodles of elves and, of course, Santa and Mrs. Claus.

Nort Pole - candy

For me, the real magic took place at the security checkpoint at the Spokane International Airport.

TSA checkpoint - Spokane Airport

While ‘regular’ Saturday afternoon passengers were trying to catch their flights, the TSOs (Transportation Security Officers) on duty cheerily processed dozens of kids taking their first airplane trip and 100 or so chaperone-elves decked out in outlandish, heavily jingled-belled costumes.

TSA checkpoint - Spokane Airport

Even the enhanced pat-downs seems downright jolly .

Spokane Airport TSA

Spokane elf pat-down